Singapore is comprised of one main island and some 63 offshore islands with a total of 647.1 sq km. Singapore has an equatorial climate, which is warm and humid all year round. Rain is felt throughout the year. Average daily temperature is 26.8°C. Singapore is also known as "The Garden City" for the fresh air and low air pollution rate.
Cultural and Social Environment
Singapore is a society with safe living environment in spite of its diverse ethnic groups. Chinese occupies the 76.2% of the total population, followed by the Malays (13.8%), Indians (8.3%) and others (1.7%). The official languages are English, Chinese, Malay, and Tamil. English is the language of administration, and Malay is the National language. The main religions are Buddhism, Islam, Christianity and Hinduism.
Industrial and Economical Environment
Because of Singapore's tremendously rapid development in industry and commerce, it ranked second on the list of "The Most Competitive Countries in the World," and is awarded as “The Best Commercial City in the World” by Fortune magazine. Singapore is a young and industrialized country with the support from the manufacturing industry and developed overseas trading. It has a first class foundation facility in telecommunication, harbour and airport and is hailed the busiest port in the world. Singapore has the fourth largest foreign currency exchange centre in the world following New York, London and Tokyo.
Singapore Government values the importance of education and invests huge amount of money to establish a flexible educational system. The bilingual policy enables Singaporeans to use English in commercial, technological and administrative dealings and at the same time, understand the traditional culture through the use of the national language that is Malay.